Addiction is generally a chronic or long term disease which causes the brain to malfunction. Therefore, many physicians classify it as a brain disorder. However there are many treatment programs designed to help to cure these urges. Furthermore intervention should be sought as early as possible to avoid long term defects by attempting this feat without professional treatment and guidance. This disease affects the brain and causes disorders which bring about compulsive behavior.
Addiction has killed many people. For example, addiction has reportedly caused over five percent of deaths out of over 5,000 deaths in one year in Illinois. In fact, it has been reported that state agencies claim that 1 out of 8 persons are dealing with some sort of addiction. Drugs not only affect the user but they affect people in their environment and their state of health as well. Drugs use can lead to AIDS and other infectious diseases.
What’s more is that there is no cure for these type of illnesses as of yet. Once users damage their bodies through overuse of substances and alcohol there bodies are taken out of homeostasis. Consequently their immune systems become weakened rendering them more susceptible to acquiring diseases. In some instances damages are irreparable even with the use of treatment.
Addiction is on the rise and quickly becoming a familiar disease to the younger generation between 18 and 21.These numbers have been on the rise for decades and the disease is affecting over fifty percent of that generation. Furthermore, debates on legalization of marijuana have surfaced on many occasions. High School students’ habits are not far behind in this. In fact studies have shown that many of them admit to using.
Many crimes such as muggings and property theft and vandalism are drug –related and a quarter of hospitalizations are initiated by users. Reports say one quarter of hospitalized persons have incurred injury resulting from addiction or by addicts. Many victims entrapped in house fires are reportedly intoxicated.
Addiction costs the public millions of dollars as a whole, per year. This includes damages incarcerations, treatments and more. Average costs for obtaining substances and alcohol, for the addict is typically $200 per day. Some people have resorted to abusing prescription drugs as well. Consequently these users are among the employed citizens.
According to some reports, 20% of ER visits are cocaine users 13% (heroin, stimulants including amphetamines and methamphetamines) 7%. However teenager’s illicit drug use appears to have decreased and is steadily decreasing. Nevertheless to their drug habits have transitioned to the use of prescribed drugs such as OxyContin which is a pain reliever.
Many people who are addicts have reportedly been abused as children. Users, who start using early in life, were given drugs for free, by a family member or friends who were users. According to reports many addictions are a result of stress. Out of 22 million users only 3.9 receive treatment.
Largely addiction is impacting many lives and prompting the involvement of entire societies, states, families. In fact 59% of admitted users are white, 21% African American, and 14% are reportedly Latino.
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